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  Geography

The South Pearl is located 250 kilometres southeast of the capital of Cuba . To be more precise, it is situated on the northwest shore of the bay with the same name where there is also one of the most important ports in the Caribbean, not only due to the shipping of goods but also because of the recent starting up of an oil refinery.

It is the administrative centre of the province with the same name at latitude 21 degrees and 21 seconds and 23 degrees and 35 seconds north and at longitude 80 degrees and 20 seconds and 81 degrees and 10 seconds west.

It extends over 3.77% of the Cuban territory, that is, 4 177.2 sq km. It borders on the Caribbean Sea to the south, Villa Clara Province to the north, Sancti Spíritus to the east and Matanzas , the province where the beautiful Varadero beach is situated, to the west.


Municipality
 Municipality
01 Aguada de Pasajeros
02 Rodas
03 Palmira
04 Lajas
05 Cruces
06 Cumanayagua
07 Cienfuegos
08 Abreus

 Statistics 1999
 Surface area 4 178 km2 
 Resident population 395 135 inh 
 Average population 393 744 
 Female population 49,5 
 Population in working age 234 020 
 Urbanization index 80,7 %
 Population density 94,6 inh/ km2 
 Life expectancy at birth (1994-1995) 75,85
 Birthrate 13,4 
 General mortality rates (per 1000 live) 7,4 
 Infant mortality rate(per 1000 live births) 5,9 
 Fecundity global rate (children per woman) 1,61 
 Reproduction gross rate (daughters per woman) 0,78 
 Inhabitants per physician 183 
 Inhabitants per dentist 1 175 
 Initial matricula (Course 1999/2000) 78 450 
   Primary education 34 050 
   Intermediate education 30 450 
   Higher education 3 087 
 Graduates (Course 1998/1999) 15 186 
   Primary education 5 716 
   Intermediate education 7 272
   Higher education 436 
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