|Guantánamo, the easternmost Cuban province, located more than 900 km (562 mi) away from Havana, is the only site of the island where there are zones with semi-desertic landscapes.
In the territory of this province we find the city of Baracoa, the first town founded by the Spaniards in Cuba (1512), which constitutes the first tourist attraction of the region.
The visitor that arrives to the city can appreciate a system of colonial fortresses erected to defend the city against pirate raids. Forts like Matachín, La Punta, and Seboruco, the fortified towers at Joa and Caguase or the Castillo de la Villa, currently become a comfortable hotel, reveal the secrets of that epoch.
One can also enjoy a ride on a "cayuca", a typical boat of the region, along rivers Duaba, Miel, Yumurí or Toa.
Nature lovers, are able to appreciate the beauty of the mountain range that constitutes the national park Alejandro de Humboldt, treasuring the widest rivers of the country, and admire the terraces at La Máquina or the "monitongos" of Hatibonico.