The name Elguea comes from the family that possessed the largest number of lands in the region.
The accidental discovery of the medicinal properties of its waters dates back to the middle of the XIX century when one of the family slaves was freed so he would not contaminate the whole personnel with a rare skin disease. After a while, he was discovered completely healed for having used the miraculous stream of hot waters. Thereafter, was constructed a small hotel bearing the family name.
The patriotic history of Santa Clara goes back to Cuba's independence war. In the capital of Santa Clara was buried Ernesto Che Guevara, the hero who liberated the city from the Batista tyranny. A visit to the Che's mausoleum is of the utmost interest and importance. The Loma del Capiro where the heroic warrior set up his headquarters and the Tren Blindado Museum are also sites worth of interest.